One of the geeky ways to wish someone

My room-mate wished me at 12:00:00. Wonder how?

Both of our systems are in sync with the Internet Time Server. So Arun wrote a simple script to play a birthday song at exactly 12:00:00.

Now that's what I call a geeky way of wishing someone.

Thanks dude.

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Now how do you do this in functional programming

Consider the following piece of code:

...
int flag=0;
for(int i=0;i<10;i++){
   if(val==arr[i]){
      flag=1;
      break;
   }
}
if(flag==1){
   System.out.println("Found.");
}
else{
   System.out.println("Not found.");
}
...

In functional programming, we cannot assign values to variables; variables can only be initialized. So I can't use a 'flag', the reason being that if I initialize the 'flag' outside the for, I can't change its value inside the for and if I initialize the 'flag' inside the for, I can't use it outside because of scoping.

For people new to functional programming, here's an excerpt from Wikipedia:

Functional programming languages have the following features (or should I call it restrictions?):

...Functional programming can be contrasted with imperative programming. Functional programming appears to be missing several constructs often (though incorrectly) considered essential to an imperative language such as C or Pascal. For example, in strict functional programming, there is no explicit memory allocation and no explicit variable assignment. However, these operations occur automatically when a function is invoked: memory allocation occurs to create space for the parameters and the return value, and assignment occurs to copy the parameters into this newly allocated space and to copy the return value back into the calling function. Both operations can only occur on function entry and exit, so side effects of function evaluation are eliminated.

I had such a requirement in my program. I was using XSLT to program something and I came across this requirement. (XSLT is also a functional programming language). I then used some XPath constructs to solve it but wondered if there is a standard way to solve it in functional programming languages.

I am new to functional programming (although I have been doing XSLT scripting for the last 1 year) and I am still looking for a standard solution to this pattern.

Programmable wikis, Application wikis, Situational applications

Heard of Jot? It has been in the news for some time now, calling itself the first true application wiki.

So what's this thing all about and how is it different from normal wikis?

Before we delve into this, we need to know where normal wikis fail and how this new concept of application wikis helps in solving them.

Wikis in their present form contain highly unstructured data. Take the example of Wikipedia. Wikipedia allows users to create pages containing information about just anything in the world.

The information in the wikis would be more useful if it can be used somewhere else. For example, I would want to just double click on a word in my browser and view the definition of it (and not the entire page). Or I might want to relate content in a page with that of another – semantically. I might also want to view content based on my current expertise level (contextual views).

In order for this to happen, we require that wikis be more intelligent. Enter application wikis.

Application wikis bring in the dynamic content aggregation feature that is lacking in current wikis. This means that the data may not even reside in one place. It might be aggregated at runtime. However this is not it. The content might be pushed out as an RSS and people can subscribe to changes made to specific sections of the wiki or maybe mailed to them. The basic idea is to be able to 'program' the wiki to display 'information' dynamically.

This brings in some interesting applications of application wikis. Application wikis can be used, for example to create a page for a conference. This page would contain 'A google map' plugin, which would show the venue on the map, latest news in the form of an RSS feed, the weather information in another portlet, a list of all participants, which might be coming from a database directly, a list of all talks (which might be maintained in a separate database for some reason).

You might note that the data does not actually exist in the wiki at all. The wiki just acts like an aggregator of content.

Now comes the concept of views. As a participant in the conference, I might be given more information about the talks, while a non-participant may get lesser information. A speaker might get a totally different set of information and so for the organizers.

You probably don't even need a Graphical UI to view the data. You might as well have a kind of Query Interface that allows you to view data based on your role and your preferences.

It might be obvious, but let me clarify that the content for a particular page may come from a specific section of some other page. So I could have, say a page on Bangalore, a page on Mysore and a page on Cities in Karnataka, which fetches content from these pages. The moment the content changes in the original pages, the content viewed from the aggregated page also changes.

Yeah, there's nothing special here, it's the traditional MVC pattern applied to Wikis. It had to come some day.

Two initiatives that I know in this field are from Jot and Semantic MediaWiki.

If you are a Web 2.0 or a Semantic web geek, you might have come across this by now, but if you have not, then you got to check this out.

Yeah I do have a URI

In respect of Sir Timbl's blog, Give yourself a URI, I thought I should have a URI for myself.

So here it is.

Semantic Crawler – an update

This is in continuation of my blog entry on Semantic Grabbers. I did some experiments after consultation with . Thanks for the inputs.

My intention was to get a set of related words given a single word as input. I wanted to make use of the <rdf:Bag> tag that Delicious provides.

The idea that I had in mind was to start off by seeing the number of occurrences of each tag in the <rdf:Bag> of all links and then to use this to decide which tag to analyze next. The more frequent the occurrence of a tag, the more likely it is to be chosen next.

For example, suppose I see that RDF occurs most frequently in the links, then I select that as my next tag for analysis. I keep updating this list with more tags and their frequency as I crawl through the tags.

Here's the problem I faced: There are chances of the use of very generic words like tech, development, tutorial etc that are likely to be used in more links than others. So the crawler was mislead. The selected tag becomes more and more irrelevant as the crawling proceeds.

There are some solutions that I have in mind.
1. Provide weight-age in comparison with the root-word (i.e. the given word).
2. Do a study of 'all' the tags for the entire list possibly including the description as well and then see the relationships. (This emerged after my discussion with .
3. Provide more than one word as input and use these words to determine the set of related words.

Determining relationships between words is not quite easy in folksonomies because of the lack of contextual information. However it surely is a rich set of information that needs to be exploited.

The result will be available here for a few days.

Technologix 2006

I had been to college today to deliver a talk on behalf of ISL. The talk was on 'Innovation at IBM'. The talk was jointly delivered by me and Tariq Aftab.

We spoke about RFID, IBM Everywhere Interactive Display and IBM Smart Surveillance System (S3). It lasted for about 1 hour 15 mins. Overall, the response was good (the auditorium was jam-packed) and there were questions (which means people understood what is going on).

Ananth Narayan from LTC also accompanied us. Ananth is also an alumnus of SJCE.

We then had the privilege of meeting the principal, the head of the department of computer science and several other lecturers.

It was good to be back in college after such a long time. The atmosphere was pleasant and I felt I am really missing college.

Overall it was a satisfactory mission.

Happy birthday ∫ /\ /\/ /\ /\/ `/ /\

Yeah, this is the day I get to speak out and Gautham shuts up.

I am 2 years old today. I was born on 10th March 2004 at 12:45 in Mysore. Last year, I celebrated my birthday like this. I was called Modus Vivendi then, but now I am called ∫ /\ /\/ /\ /\/ `/ /\.

So here's how I am progressing:

Journal entries: 147

Total comments: 353

1 120
2 51
3 41
4 27
5 19
6 13
7 13
8 12
9 11
10 8
11 7
12 5
13 5
14 4
15 4
16 2
17 2
18 2
19 2
20 1
21 1
22 1
23 1
24 1

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